Tragedy and triumph: Depictions of ceɗɗo and tirailleurs sénégalais in the memoryscape of contemporary Senegal

  • Sarah Davis Westwood GESA / Universitat de Lleida
Paraules clau: memòria, Senegal, història militar, ceɗɗo, tirailleurs sénégalais

Resum

Aquest article se centra en el memoryscape (paisatge de memòries) de figures militars al Senegal, el qual ha estat definit per records històrics, com per exemple art de carrer, estàtues i pel·lícules de circulació popular. En el sentit original, un memoryscape es basa en l'oralitat i la performance, però aquí entenc el paisatge físic de Dakar com un lloc de la memòria. Observo la divisió artificial entre herois guerrers anticolonials, representats per soldats ceɗɗo, i víctimes, els tirailleurs sénégalais, que estan més estretament associats amb el control colonial francès. Concretament, exposo els retrats d'aquestes figures en dues pel·lícules d'Ousmane Sembène i estàtues i murals que representen l'heroi precolonial Lat Joor Joob i els tirailleurs sénégalais. Aquestes interpretacions de ceɗɗo i tirailleurs sénégalais exemplifiquen la lluita al voltant de la qüestió de la identitat nacional en el Senegal de després de la independència.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Referències

Amkpa, A. and Sengupta, G. (2010). History in Ousmane Sembène’s Guelwaar and Ceddo. Journal of Contemporary African Art, 27, 14-21.

Babou, C.A. (2007). Fighting the greater jihad: Amadu Bamba and the founding of the Muridiyya of Senegal, 1853-1913. Ohio University Press.

Barber, K. (2018). A history of African popular culture. Cambridge University Press.

Boilat, D. (1853). Esquisses sénégalaises: physionomie du pays, peuplades, commerce, religions… P. Bertrand.

Cham, M. (2008). Official history, popular memory. Reconfiguration of the African past in the films of Ousmane Sembene. Contributions in Black Studies: A Journal of African and Afro-American Studies, 11(1), 20-25.

Cole, J. (2001). Forget colonialism?: Sacrifice and the art of memory in Madagascar. University of California Press.

Colvin, L. (1974). Islam and the state of Kajoor: A case of successful resistance to jihad. Journal of African History, 15(4), 587-606.

De Jong, F. (2008). Recycling recognition: The monument as objet trouvé of the postcolony. Journal of Material Culture, 13(2), 195-214.

Diouf, M. (2005). Wall paintings and the writing of history: Set/Setal in Dakar. GEFAME: Journal of African Studies, 2(1). 1. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.4761563.0002.102

Echenberg, M. (1991). Colonial conscripts: The tirailleurs sénégalais in French West Africa, 1857-1960. Heinemann.

Ginio, R. (2006). African colonial soldiers between memory and forgetfulness: The case of postcolonial Senegal. Outre-mers, 93(350-351), 141-155.

Holder, G. (1998). Esclaves et captifs au pays dogon: La société esclavagiste sama. L’Homme, 145, 71-108.

Klein, M. (1972). Social and economic factors in the Muslim revolution in Senegambia. Journal of African History, 13(3), 419-441.

Lowenthal, D. (2003). The past is a forgotten country. Cambridge University Press.

Lunn, J. (1999). Memoirs of the maelstrom: A Senegalese oral history of the First World War. James Currey Ltd.

Mourre, M. (2015). Mobiliser le passé au temps de l’indépendance. Le cas du Sénégal, 1958-1980. Matériaux pour l’histoire de notre temps, 117-118, 24-30.

Mourre, M. (2018). African colonial soldiers, memories and imagining migration in Senegal in the twenty-first century. Africa, 88(3), 518-538.

Portelli, A. (2003). The order has been carried out: History, memory, and meaning of a Nazi massacre in Rome. Palgrave MacMillan.

Reid, R.R. (2019). Remembering and forgetting Mirambo: Histories of war in modern Africa. Small Wars & Insurgencies, 30(4-5), 1040-1069.

Robinson, D. (1975). Chiefs and clerics: Abdul Bokar Kan and Futa Toro 1853-1891. Oxford University Press.

Searing, J.M. (1988). Aristocrats, slaves, and peasants: Power and dependency in the Wolof states, 1700-1850. International Journal of African Historical Studies, 21, 475- 503. QUADERNS, 37 (2) (2021), 259-280 doi 10.56247/qua.363 ISSN 2385-4472 © QUADERNS DE L’ICA 280

Searing, J.M. (2001). “God Alone is King”: Islam and emancipation in Senegal, 1859- 1914. Heinemann.

Shaw, R. (2002). Memories of the slave trade: Ritual and the historical imagination in Sierra Leone. University of Chicago Press.

Tamari, T. (1997). Les castes de l’Afrique occidentale: Artisans et musiciens endogames. Société d’ethnologie.

Thompson, J.M. (1989). In dubious service: The recruitment and stabilization of West African maritime labor by the French colonial military, 1659-1900 (Ph.D., University of Minnesota).

Wane, Y. (1969). Les Toucouleur du Fouta Tooro (Sénégal): stratification sociale et structure familiale. Institut fondamental d’Afrique noire.

Westwood, S.D. (2018). Ceɗɗo, sòfa, tirailleur: Slave status and military identity in nineteenth- century Senegambia. Slavery & Abolition, 39(3), 518-539.

Westwood, S.D. (2019). Military culture in Senegambia and the origins of the tirailleurs sénégalais army, 1750-1910 (Ph.D., Boston University).

Publicades
2022-06-14
How to Cite
Davis Westwood, S. (2022). Tragedy and triumph: Depictions of ceɗɗo and tirailleurs sénégalais in the memoryscape of contemporary Senegal. Quaderns De l’Institut Català d’Antropologia, (37 (2), 259-280. https://doi.org/10.56247/qua.363
Secció
PART 1. MEMÒRIA COLONIAL